Ooh, after reading the forums I found a way to increase the number of research points you get when doing R&D in EVE Online.
After starting R&D you can also ask the agent for missions. The rewards for the missions are extra research points instead of ISK. The reason I had to go to the forums to find this out is because it apparently isn’t available until a day after you start the R&D.
R&D, EVE Online